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ONLINE GLOSSARY

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Total Number of Terms : 1363
 
Zamponia -- An South American end-blown tubular aerophone consisting of several closed pipes of cane fastened together in two sections. It was also made out of ceramic, stone, and wood. The zamponia is divided into 2 parts; the upper part (consisting of 7 pipes) is commonly called the Ira and the lower part (consisting of 6 pipes) is called the arca. The instrument produces a sound by blowing across the ends of the pipes
 
Zart -- A directive to a musician to perform a certain passage of music tenderly, delicately, or softly
 
Zarzuela -- The zarzuela dates back to the mid-17th century. The name may have originated from a stage overgrown with bramble bushes (zarzas) at the royal hunting lodge or Palace of Zarzuela near Madrid, where actors gathered to present their plays to entertain King Philip IV and his court. It was initially a short court play with music, dancing and spoken dialogue, similar to the well-defined three act "comedia" genre
 
Zeloso -- A directive to a musician to perform a certain passage of music with zeal; ardently; earnestly
 
Zero Ring -- (Or "O" ring) - a plastic dampening device used by drummers for tone control
 
Zimbelstern -- Zimbelstern is a "stop" or a setting on a large pipe organ that produces sounds from a set of high-pitched, untuned (or tuned) bells. The name comes from the fact that the bells are rung (or sounded) by a rotating wheel that is often in the shape of a star. So it sounds like little cymbals being rung by a star. The revolving star was placed towards the top of the organ case (in view of the listeners) and a wind-blown driving-wheel behind the case was attached to the set of bells. This "stop" or setting is known as a "toy stop" because it is considered to be a toy or novelty sound (sound effect), not a real musical sound. It is found mostly on baroque and classical northern European organs (especially German and Dutch) and was popular from around 1490 to 1790. The bells were originally untuned but by around 1700, they began to add tuned bells
 
Zither -- A stringed instrument consisting of a wooden frame across which are stretched several (about thirty) strings. Five of these strings are used for the melody, they are above a fretted fingerboard. The rest of the strings are used for harmony and are not fretted
 
Zu -- When shown as zu2 or zu3, etc., it is a directive to indicate the number of musicians to perform the indicated passage of music. The musicians would perform the indicated passage in unison with two (2), three (3), or the number of musicians indicated. This is most often used with stringed instruments (i.e. violins, violas, cellos, basses), but can be used for any instrument in the ensemble where there are multiple musicians performing one part
 
Zusammen -- A directive to a musician to perform a certain passage of music together with other musicians in the section. This is typically used after a divisi
 
Zydeco -- A style of Cajun folk music developed in the area of New Orleans in Louisiana, USA. Common instruments include accordion, drum kit, and washboard
 
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