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ONLINE GLOSSARY

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Total Number of Terms : 1363
 
Wagner Tuba -- A tuba invented by the composer Richard Wagner to be used in his operas. It is smaller than the orchestral tuba and has a range between that of the horn and the trombone. Its somber, majestic tone has inspired other composers such as Strauss, Bruckner, and Stravinsky to include it in compositions
 
Wait -- The shawm or the player of the shawm, especially a watchman who used it in his duties. Later (c. 1500 - 1700) the term was applied to civic minstrels. The term is also used for Christmas singers, after the civic musicians of earlier times
 
Wait -- The shawm or the player of the shawm, especially a watchman who used it in his duties. Later (c. 1500 - 1700) the term was applied to civic minstrels. The term is also used for Christmas singers, after the civic musicians of earlier times
 
Waldhorn -- The natural horn, that is, the horn (or French horn) without valves
 
Waltz -- Ballroom dance type in triple meter; in the Romantic era, a short, stylized piano piece
 
Washtub Bass -- A folk instrument constructed by the musicians themselves who do not have access to the traditional string or double bass. It is made from an overturned washtub (the resonator), a broom handle (the neck), and a single string. The tension on the string is provided by pulling back and forth on the handle
 
Wassail -- A Middle English term derived from the Old English "waes haeil ", or "be thou well". The Wassail is a song sung at Christmas time recalling the tradition of "wassailing", which is a tradition of going about the town from house to house in the evening at Christmas time, singing at the doors of all the neighbors, wishing them a good New Year and asking them for a treat (usually the treat was a spiced drink, also known as a "wassail"). This tradition is something of a mix between the modern traditions of caroling and trick-or-treating
 
Well-Tempered -- A term applied to an instrument that is voiced and tuned satisfactorily, with the pitches, tone, and timbre have the desired quality of sound
 
West Coast Jazz -- Jazz style developed in the 1950s, featuring small groups of mixed timbres playing contrapuntal improvisations; similar to cool jazz
 
West Coast Swing -- A specific style of contemporary swing dance made popular in the late 20th century
 
Western Music -- Music composed and produced in the Western hemisphere by trained musicians as opposed to Folk tradition or vernacular music
 
Whithorn -- A primitive oboe made from the bark and wood of the willow
 
Whole Note -- A whole note is equal to 2 half notes, 4 quarter notes, 8 sixteenth notes, etc
 
Whole Step -- Interval consisting of two half steps, or semitones
 
Whole Tone Scale -- Scale pattern built entirely of whole step intervals, common in the music of the French Impressionists
 
Wind Cap -- A device used from the 14th through 17th century to cover the double reed of the crumhorn and other similar instruments. It is basically a wooden tube that totally covers the double reed and prevents the performer from touching it. The performer blows through a hole at or near the top of the wind cap to play the instrument. Without the ability to touch the reed with the lips, the performer has limited control of the range of notes available to be sounded. Specifically, it prevents overblowing which limits the pitches to the first harmonic
 
Wind Chimes -- Term applied to a set of tubes suspended in a row or in a circle so they can be blown in the wind in a way that allows them to strike each other and create a random set of sounds. Although this is not technically a musical instrument (i.e. performed as a solo instrument or in an ensemble), it is similar to and often mistaken for the Mark Tree (sometimes called bell tree or bar chimes). The tubes may be made of metal, glass, bamboo, stone, porcelain or shell
 
Wind Ensemble -- An instrumental ensemble consisting of woodwind, brass and percussion instruments. The wind ensemble is virtually identical to the American Symphonic Band and the European military band
 
Wind Machine -- Percussion instrument that creates the sound effect of a blowing wind
 
Windway -- The pathway or duct in the mouthpiece of a edge-blown aerophone that directs the air stream over the fipple and onto the labium where the air is split and vibrates to produce a sound
 
Women Composers -- Women have always been active in the composition and performance of music and, in the 20th century, have begun to receive the credit they are due
 
Wood Block -- A percussion instrument that is block of wood that is hollowed out and struck with a stick or mallet
 
Woodwind -- The woodwind family is less homogeneous in construction and sound production than the strings; it includes the piccolo, flute, oboe, English horn, clarinet and bassoon. The saxophone is a more recent woodwind instrument that is frequently heard in jazz
 
Woodwind Instrument -- Those instruments that are made of wood and sounded by means of air. The clarinet and oboe families fall into this category, as do the saxophone and the flute families. Although the saxophone is made of brass, it is derived from the wooden clarinet, and is sounded by a reed, thus is is considered to be a woodwind instrument. As well, the flute is made of metal (usually silver), but since it is derived from a wooden ancestor, it too, is considered to be a woodwind instrument
 
Woodwind Quintet -- Standard chamber ensemble consisting of one each of the following: flute, oboe, clarinet, bassoon and French horn (not a woodwind instrument)
 
Word Painting -- Musical pictorialization of words from the text as an expressive device; a prominent feature of the Renaissance madrigal
 
Word Painting -- Musical depiction of words in text. Using the device of word painting, the music tries to imitate the emotion, action, or adjectival description in the text. This device was used often in madrigals and other works of the Renaissance
 
Work Song -- Communal song that synchronized group tasks
 
World Beat -- Collective term for popular third-world musics, ethnic and traditional musics, and eclectic combinations of Western and non-Western musics. Also ethno-pop
 
World Drumming -- Drumming that incorporates rhythms from around the world, utilizing world instruments originating from their prospective countries. Examples would be Afro-Cuban rhythms, Indian rhythms, Caribbean rhythms and so on
 
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