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Total Number of Terms : 1373
Sackbut -- Early brass instrument, ancestor of the trombone
Sacred Music -- Religious or spiritual music, for church or devotional use
Salsa -- Spicy"; collective term for Latin-American dance music, especially forms of Afro-Cuban origin
Saltarello -- Italian "jumping dance", often characterized by triplets in a rapid 4/4 time
Samba -- Afro-Brazilian dance, characterized by duple meter, responsorial singing, and polyrhythmic accompaniments
Sampler -- Electronic device that digitizes, stores and plays back sounds
Sarabande -- Stately Spanish Baroque dance type in triple meter, a standard movement of the Baroque suite
Sarangi -- Bowed chordophone from north India with three main strings and a large number of metal strings that vibrate sympathetically
Sarrusophone -- A wind instrument designed by Sarrus in 1856. The sarrusophone has a double reed similar to a bassoon or oboe, but is made of brass, and resembles the saxophone in fingering and range. The sarrusophone was mainly invented as a substitute for oboes and bassoons in military bands
Savart -- Term describing the logarithmic measurement system of intervals invented by Felix Savart. In an octave, there are 301.03 savarts
Saxhorn -- A family of wind instruments invented by Adolphe Sax in 1845. There have been at least seven sizes of saxhorn ranging from sopranino to contrabass, and have been confused with the flugelhorn. The saxhorn has a cup mouthpiece, valves, and a tapered bore
Saxophone -- Woodwind instrument made of metal and sounded with a single reed; the saxophone is a more recent instrument addition to the orchestra
Scale -- Series of tones or pitches in ascending or descending order. Scale tones are often assigned numbers (1-8) or syllables (do-re-mi-fa-sol-la-ti-do)
Scat Singing -- A jazz style that sets syllables without meaning (vocables) to an improvised vocal line
Scherzo -- Composition in A-B-A form, usually in triple meter; replaced the minuet and trio in the nineteenth century
Scherzo -- Pertaining to the sonata form, a fast movement in triple time
Scordatura -- The retuning of a stringed instrument in order to play notes below the ordinary range of the instrument or to produce an usual tone color
Secco -- Operatic recitative that features a sparse accompaniment and moves with great freedom
Secular Music -- Nonreligious music; when texted, usually in the vernacular
Semitone -- Also known as a half step, the smallest interval commonly used in the Western musical system
Septet -- A set of seven musicians who perform a composition written for seven parts
Sequence -- A successive transposition and repetition of a phrase at different pitches
Serenade -- Classical instrumental genre that combines elements of chamber music and symphony, often performed in the evening or at social functions. Related to divertimento and cassation
Serialism -- Method of composition in which various musical elements (pitch, rhythm, dynamics, tone color) may be ordered in a fixed series.
Seventh Chord -- Four-note combination consisting of a triad with another third added on top; spans a seventh between its lowest and highest tones
Sextet -- A set of six musicians who perform a composition written for six parts
Sextuple Meter -- Compound metrical pattern of six beats to a measure
Sforzando -- Sudden stress or accent on a single note or chord, indicated in the musical score by the marking "sf" or "sfz"
Shacker -- Any percussion instrument that can be shaken. Usually a hollowed out container filled with beads or pebbles
Shakuchaki -- A Japanese end-blown flute
Shamisen -- Long-necked Japanese chordophone with three strings
Shape Note -- Music notation system originating in nineteenth century American church music in which the shape of the note heads determines the pitch; created to aid music reading
Sharp Sign -- Musical symbol (#) that indicates raising a pitch by a semitone
Shawm -- Medieval wind instrument, the ancestor of the oboe
Shekere -- A large hollow gourd surrounded by woven beads. Common in Afro-Cuban music
Siciliano -- A soft, slow peasant dance in 6/8 or 12/8 time, often in a minor key. Rather similar to a Pastorale, usually in ABA form. It usually has a melody in dotted rhythms, with a broken chord accompaniment
Simple Meter -- Grouping of rhythms in which the beat is subdivided into two, as in duple, triple, and quadruple meters
Sinfonia -- Short instrumental work, found in Baroque opera, to facilitate scene changes
Sinfonia -- Short instrumental work, found in Baroque opera, to facilitate scene changes
Singspiel -- Comic German drama with spoken dialogue; the immediate predecessor of Romantic German opera
Sitar -- Long-necked plucked chordophone of northern India, with movable frets and a rounded gourd body; used as solo instrument and with tabla
Ska -- Jamaican urban dance form popular in the 1960s, influential in reggae
Slide -- Glissando or portamento. Also refers to the moving part of a trombone
Slide Trumpet -- Medieval brass instrument of the trumpet family
Slur -- A curve over notes to indicate that a phrase is to be played legato
Snare Drum -- Small cylindrical drum with two heads stretched over a metal shell, the lower head having strings across it; played with two drumsticks
Snare Drum -- One of the more common drums in marching bands and drumlines and the primary drum of a drumset. The "snares" are the wires on the bottom of the drum that give it that "buzz" sound. Standard size is usually 14" diameter by 5 1/2" in depth but can vary greatly
Snares -- The long wiggly shaped wires stretched across the bottom of a snare drum. These wires create a preferred buzz sound
Soft Rock -- Lyrical, gentle rock style that evolved around 1960 in response to hard-driving rock and roll
Sonata -- Instrumental genre in several movements for soloist or small ensemble
Sonata Allegro -- The opening movement of the sonata cycle, consisting of themes that are stated in the first section (exposition), developed in the second section (development), and restated in the third section (recapitulation). Also sonata form or first-movement form
Sonata Cycle -- General term describing the multimovement structure found in sonatas, string quartets, symphonies, concertos and large-scale works of the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries
Sonata da Camara -- Baroque chamber sonata, usually a suite of stylized dances. Also chamber sonata
Sonata Da Chiesa -- Baroque instrumental work intended for performance in church; in four movements, frequently arranged slow-fast-slow-fast. Also church sonata
Sonata Form -- A complex piece of music. Usually the first movement of the piece serving as the exposition, a development, or recapitulation
Sonatina -- A short or brief sonata
Sonatina -- A short sonata, smaller, with less and shorter movements and the subjects not developed at length
Song Cycle -- Group of songs, usually Lieder, that are unified musically or through their texts
Sousaphone -- Brass instrument adapted from the tuba with a forward bell that is coiled to rest over the player's shoulder for ease of carrying while marching
Spiritual -- Folklike devotional genre of the United States, sung by African-Americans and whites
Spiritual Minimalism -- Contemporary musical style related to minimalism, characterized by a weak pulse and long chains of lush progressions, either tonal or modal
Sprechstimme -- A vocal style in which the melody is spoken at approximate pitches rather than sung on exact pitches; developed by Arnold Schoenberg
Staccato -- Short, detached notes, marked with a dot above them
Staff -- Made up of five horizontal parallel lines and the spaces between them on which musical notation is written
Steel Drum -- (Pans) large oil drums that have had the tops cut off and hammered into a tuned percussion instrument. Common in the Caribbean Islands. Played with mallets
Steliconcitato -- Baroque style developed by Monteverdi, which introduced novel effects such as rapid repeated notes as symbols of passion
Stile Reppresentativo -- A dramatic recitative style of the Baroque period in which melodies move freely over a foundation of simple chords
Stopping -- On a string instrument, altering the string length by pressing it on the fingerboard. On a horn, playing with the bell closed by the hand or a mute
Strain -- Series of contrasting sections found in rags and marches; in duple meter with sixteen-measure themes or sections
Stretto -- Pertaining to the fugue, the overlapping of the same theme or motif by two or more voices a few beats apart
String Family -- The members of the string family include two types of instruments: bowed and plucked. The standard bowed string instruments, from highest to lowest, are violin, viola, cello and double bass. The harp and guitar are common plucked string instruments. String instruments often play special effects, including trill, pizzicato, harmonic and arpeggio
String Quartet -- The string quartet was one of the most common chamber ensembles. Its makeup is two violins, viola and cello
String Quintet -- Standard chamber ensemble made up of either two violins, two violas and cello, or two violins, viola and two cellos
String trio -- Standard chamber ensemble made up two violins and cello, or violin, viola and cello
Strophic Form -- Song structure in which the same music is repeated with every stanza (strophe) of the poem
Sturm and Drang -- Storm and stress"; late eighteenth century movement in Germany toward more emotional expression in the arts
Style -- Characteristic manner of presentation of musical elements (melody, rhythm, harmony, dynamics, form, etc.)
Subdominant -- The fourth scale step, fa
Subdominant Chord -- Chord built on the fourth scale step, the IV chord
Suite -- Multimovement work made up of a series of contrasting dance movements, generally all in the same key.
Swing -- Jazz term coined to describe Louis Armstrong's style; more commonly refers to big band jazz
Swing -- In drumming it refers to the swing cymbal rhythm or what the old masters would call "spang-a-lang". This rhythm and variations of it is the driving force behind swing (jazz) music
Syllabic -- Melodic style with one note to each syllable of text
Symphonic Poem -- One-movement orchestral form that develops a poetic idea, suggests a scene or creates a mood, generally associated with the Romantic era. Also tone poem
Symphony -- Large work for orchestra, generally in three or four movements
Syncopation -- Deliberate upsetting of the meter or pulse through a temporary shifting of the accent to a weak beat or an offbeat
Synthesizer -- Electronic instrument that produces a wide variety of sounds by combining sound generators and sound modifiers in one package with a unified control system
System -- A combination of two or more staves on which all the notes are vertically aligned and performed simultaneously in differing registers and instruments
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