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ONLINE GLOSSARY

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Total Number of Terms : 1363
 
Mace -- The large ornamented tapered rod or baton used by a drum major to signal musical and marching directions in a marching band or military band
 
Madrigal -- A contrapuntal song written for at least three voices, usually without accompaniment
 
Madrigal Choir -- Small vocal ensemble that specializes in a cappella secular works
 
Maestoso -- Maestoso (Italian: majestic) is used to suggest a majestic manner of performance, either in mood or speed
 
Maestro -- Refers to any great composer, conductor, or teacher of music
 
Main Droite -- French term used in piano music indicating that a specific passage is to be played by the right hand. The French words main droite are translated as "right hand " (main means hand and droite means right). This term is typically designated with the initials M.d
 
Main Gauche -- French term used in piano music indicating that a specific passage is to be played by the left hand. The French words main gauche are translated as "left hand " (main means hand and gauche means left). This term is typically designated with the initials M.g
 
Major -- Major (= Latin: greater) is used in musical terminology to describe a form of scale that corresponds to the Ionian mode, the scale on the white notes of the keyboard from C to C
 
Major Scale -- A collection of seven different pitches ordered in a specific pattern of whole and half steps
 
Malagueña -- A malagueña is a Spanish dance from the region of Málaga. The word is later used to indicate a form of Spanish gypsy song. There is an example of the mood and rhythm of the Malagueña in Ravel's Rapsodie espagnole
 
Malinconia -- A directive to perform a certain passage of a composition in a melancholy style or gloomily. This term is a noun, typically used with the term "con" (con malinconia) meaning to perform "with melancholy"
 
Malinconico -- A directive to perform a certain passage of a composition in a melancholy style
 
Mallet -- A type of drumstick used to strike a percussion instrument; particularly a bell instrument such as the marimba or xylophone
 
Mambo -- Dance of Afro-Cuban origin with a characteristic quadruple-meter rhythmic pattern
 
Mandolin -- The mandolin, a plucked string instrument similar to the lute, exists in various forms. It has fixed metal frets and metal strings in pairs. The prevalent method of playing is tremolando, the notes rapidly repeated with a plectrum. It has been used in opera, notably in Verdi's Otello and in Falstaff, and in the concert-hall in Mahler's Seventh and Eighth Symphonies
 
Mannerism -- Term used to describe aspects of Renaissance and Baroque music such as madrigalism and text painting, that emphasize textual points through musical medium
 
Manual -- The manual is a keyboard for the hands, the word used for instruments such as the organ or harpsichord that often have more than one keyboard. It is opposed to the pedal-board found generally on the organ and much more rarely on the harpsichord or fortepiano
 
Maracas -- Ahollowed out gourd on a stick (rattle). Usually filled with seeds or pebbles. Another simply designed instrument but capable of many different types of sounds through various skillful techniques used by the drummer
 
March -- Style incorporating characteristics of military music, including strongly accented duple-meter in simple, repetitive rhythmic patterns
 
Marching Band -- Instrumental ensemble for entertainment at sports events and parades, consisting of wind and percussion instruments, drum majors/majorettes, and baton twirlers
 
Mariachi -- Traditional Mexican ensemble popular throughout the country, consisting of trumpets, violins, guitar and bass guitar
 
Marimba -- Percussion instrument that is a mellower version of the xylophone; of African origin
 
Marimba -- An instrument that consists of a large frame holding wooden resonator bars. This musical instrument is played with mallets
 
Martellato -- Strongly marked; This is a term used in string playing indicating heavy, detached strokes and in piano playing, indicating a forceful, detached touch
 
Masque -- English genre of aristocratic entertainment that combined vocal and instrumental music with poetry and dance, developed during the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries
 
Maxixe -- A Brazilian dance first introduced in Paris in 1912. It is in 2/4 time of rapid tempo with a slight syncopation
 
Mazurka -- Type of Polish folk dance in triple meter
 
Mazurka -- Lively Polish dance in 3/8 or 3/4
 
Mbube -- Lion"; a cappella choral singing style of South African Zulus, featuring call and response patterns, close-knit harmonies and syncopation
 
Measure -- A measure is, in English, a bar, in the sense of the music written between the vertical bar-lines written on the stave to mark the metrical units of a piece of music
 
Measure -- A rhythmic grouping or metrical unit that contains a fixed number of beats; in notated music, it appears as a vertical line through the staff
 
Medium -- Performing forces employed in a certain musical work
 
Medley -- Often used in overtures, a composition that uses passages from other movements of the composition in its entirety
 
Melismatic -- Melodic style characterized by many notes sung to a single text syllable
 
Melody -- Succession of single tones or pitches perceived by the mind as a unity
 
Membranophone -- World music classification for instruments that produce sound from a tightly stretched membrane that can be struck, plucked, rubbed or sung into (setting the "skin" in vibration). The most common Western instruments of this category belong to the percussion family (timpani, bass drum). The conga drum is a membranophone often used in popular music
 
Meno Mosso -- Less movement, slower
 
Merengue -- An upbeat Afro-Cuban rhythm
 
Mesto -- Mesto (Italian: sad) is used in directions to performers as an indication of mood, as in the slow movement of the Horn Trio of Brahms, which is marked Adagio mesto
 
Metallophone -- Percussion instrument consisting of tuned metal bars, usually struck with a mallet
 
Metamorphosis -- Metamorphosis, change of shape, is used particularly to describe the process of thematic metamorphosis, the transformation of thematic elements used by composers such as Liszt, a procedure unkindly satirised by one contemporary critic as the life and adventures of a theme
 
Meter -- Organization of rhythm in time; the grouping of beats into larger, regular patterns, notated as measures. In simple meters, such as duple, triple, and quadruple, each beat subdivides into two; in compound meters, such as sextuple, each beat divides into three
 
Metronome -- The metronome is a device, formerly based on the principle of the pendulum, but now controlled more often by electronic means, which measures the equal beats of a piece of music, as a guide to players
 
Mezzo -- Mezzo (Italian: half) is found particularly in the compound words mezzo-forte, half loud, represented by the letters mf, and mezzo-piano, half soft, represented by the letters mp. Mezzo can serve as a colloquial abbreviation for mezzo-soprano, the female voice that employs a generally lower register than a soprano and consequently is often, in opera, given the parts of confidante, nurse or mother, secondary rôles to the heroine, usually a soprano
 
Mezzo Forte -- Moderately loud
 
Micropholyphony -- Twentieth century technique encompassing the complex interweaving of all musical elements
 
Mics -- Short for microphone / drum mics, microphones for micing drums
 
MIDI -- Acronym for musical instrument digital interface; technology standard that allows networking of computers with electronic musical instruments
 
Milonga -- The peppy, cheerful dance milonga as part of the tango; 2.the 'milonga campera' or 'milonga surena', an Argentinean folk music form, often performed just by a singer with a guitar, and of very clear Hispanic influence. The Milonga rhythm is characterized through the division of the 4/4 time in 3+3+2
 
Minimalist Music -- Contemporary musical style featuring the repetition of short melodic, rhythmic and harmonic patterns with little variation. See also spiritual minimalism
 
Minnesingers -- Late medieval German poet-musicians
 
Minnesingers -- Late medieval German poet-musicians
 
Minor -- Minor (= Latin: smaller) is used in musical terminology to describe a form of scale that corresponds, in its natural form, to the Aeolian mode, the scale on the white notes of the keyboard from A to A
 
Minstrel -- The word minstrel has been used loosely to indicate a musical entertainer, providing his own accompaniment to his singing. The medieval minstrel, a secular musician, flourished between the 13th and 15th century, generally as an itinerant singer
 
Minuet -- Slow and stately dance music written in triple time
 
Minuet and Trio -- A moderate triple-meter dance form with two main sections (minuet = A, trio = B) that often occurs as the third movement of a symphony
 
Modal -- Characterizes music that is based on modes other than major and minor, especially the early church modes
 
Mode -- Scale or sequence of notes used as the basis for a composition; major and minor are modes
 
Modhina -- Brazilian dance in a sentimental mood, Brazilian love song
 
Modified Strophic Form -- Song structure that combines elements of strophic and through-composed forms; a variation of strophic form in which a section might have a new key, rhythm, or varied melodic pattern
 
Modulation -- The process of changing from one key to another
 
Monody -- Vocal style established in the Baroque, with a solo singer and instrumental accompaniment
 
Monophonic -- Single-line texture, or melody without accompaniment
 
Monothematic -- Work or movement based on a single theme
 
Motet -- Polyphonic vocal genre, secular in the Middle Ages but sacred or devotional thereafter
 
Motive -- Short melodic or rhythmic idea; the smallest fragment of a theme that forms a melodic-harmonic-rhythmic unit
 
Movement -- Complete, self-contained part within a larger musical work
 
Mozambique -- A rhythm from Africa commonly used in Afro-Cuban music
 
MTV -- Acronym for music television, a cable channel that presents non-stop music videos
 
Musette -- A Boroque dance with a drone-bass
 
Music Drama -- Wagner's term for his operas
 
Music Video -- Video tape or film that accompanies a recording, usually of a popular or rock song
 
Musical -- Genre of twentieth century musical theater, especially popular in the United States and Great Britain; characterized by spoken dialogue, dramatic plot interspersed with songs, ensemble numbers and dancing
 
Musical Autograph -- The manuscript or score of a composition written in the composer's hand
 
Musical Saw -- Handsaw that is bowed on its smooth edge; pitch is varied by bending the saw
 
Musicology -- The study of forms, history, science, and methods of music
 
Musique Concrete -- Music made up of natural sounds and sound effects that are recorded and then manipulated electronically
 
Mussette -- A small bagpipe or (2) a melody or dance written over a ground note to imitate a the sound of a bagpipe
 
Mute -- Mechanical device used to muffle the sound of an instrument
 
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