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ONLINE GLOSSARY

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Total Number of Terms : 1363
 
Galliard -- The galliard is a courtly dance of the late 16th and early 17th century in triple metre usually following a slower duple metre pavan. The two dances are often found in instrumental compositions of the period, sometimes in suites
 
Galop -- The galop is a quick dance in duple metre, one of the most popular ballroom dances of the 19th century. The dance appears as a parody in Offenbach's operetta Orpheus in the Underworld in a can-can
 
Gamba -- Gamba (Italian: leg) is in English used colloquially to designate the viola da gamba or leg-viol, the bowed string instrument popular from the 16th until the middle of the 18th century and held downwards, in a way similar to that used for the modern cello, as opposed to the viola da braccio or arm-viol, the instrument of the violin family, held on the arm or shoulder
 
Gavotte -- A 17th century dance written in Quadruple time, always beginning on the third beat of the measure
 
German dance -- The German dance (= German: Deutsche, Deutscher Tanz) describes generally the triple metre dances of the late 18th and early 19th centuries, found in the Ländler and the Waltz. There are examples of this dance in the work of Beethoven and of Schubert
 
Ghost Note -- (Or ghost stroke) - a note that is played extremely quiet. Similar to a grace note
 
Gigue -- The gigue (= Italian: giga; English: jig) is a rapid dance normally in compound duple metre (the main beats divided into three rather than two). The gigue became the accepted final dance in the baroque instrumental suite
 
Giocoso -- Giocoso (Italian: jocular, cheerful) is sometimes found as part of a tempo instruction to a performer, as in allegro giocoso, fast and cheerful. The same Italian adjective is used in the descriptive title of Mozart's opera Don Giovanni, a dramma giocoso
 
Giusto -- Giusto (Italian: just, exact) is found in tempo indications, as, for example, allegro giusto, as in the last movement of Schubert's Trout Quintet, or tempo giusto, in strict time, sometimes, as in Liszt, indicating a return to the original speed of the music after a freer passage
 
Glee -- Vocal composition written for three or more solo parts, usually without instrumental accompaniment
 
Glissando -- Derived from the French glisser, to slide, the Italianised word is used to describe sliding in music from one note to another
 
Glockenspiel -- The glockenspiel is a percussion instrument similar in form to the xylophone, but with metal rather than wooden bars for the notes
 
Gong -- The gong is a percussion instrument originating in the East. In the modern orchestra it is usually found in the form of the large Chinese tam-tam. The gong appears in Western orchestral music in the late 18th century, and notable use of sets of gongs of varying size is found adding exotic colour to Puccini's oriental operas Madama Butterfly and Turandot
 
Gourd -- A hollowed out gourd that is corrugated and played with a stiff metal rod. It creates a "zip" type of sound often heard in Latin music
 
Grandioso -- Word to indicate that the movement or entire composition is to be played grandly
 
Grave -- Grave (Italian: slow, solemn) is used as an indication of tempo and mood, meaning slow and serious
 
Grazioso -- Grazia (grace) forms the Italian adjective grazioso, used as an indication of expression and of tempo, particularly in the 18th century
 
Gregorian Chant -- Plainchant, the modal chant of early Christian and continuing Catholic worship and its derivatives, is often known as Gregorian chant, after Pope Gregory the Great , St. Gregory, to whom the attempt at standardisation of the chant in the late 6th century is attributed
 
Groove -- A term used to describe the way a beat feels when it not only has a steady tempo, but "feels" incredibly good within the music
 
Guaguanco -- An Afro Cuban rhythm stemming from the rhumba
 
Guigue -- Lively Scottish or Irish dance in 6/8, 17th/18th century, often the last part in a suite (from English jig, Giga, Geige)
 
Guitar -- The modern concert guitar is a plucked string instrument generally with six strings. The instrument has a long history, in one form or another
 
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