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ONLINE GLOSSARY

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Total Number of Terms : 1363
 
Fagott -- Fagott (German) or fagotto (Italian) is the bassoon, the bass of the woodwind section in the orchestra (see Bassoon)
 
Falsetto -- A style of male singing where by partial use of the vocal chords, the voice is able to reach the pitch of a female
 
Fandango -- Lively Spanish dance in triple time, beginning slow and getting faster
 
Fanfare -- A fanfare is a flourish of trumpets or other similar instruments, used for military or ceremonial purposes, or music that conveys this impression
 
Fantasy -- Fantasy (= French: fantaisie; Italian: fantasia; German: Fantasie) is a relatively free form in the 16th and 17th centuries, in which a composer may exercise his fancy, usually in contrapuntal form
 
Fatback -- A thick 2 and 4, slightly behind the beat backbeat with a lot of soul. Common in funk and blues drumming
 
Fermata -- To hold a tone or rest held beyond the written value at the discretion of the performer
 
Fiddle -- A fiddle is a violin, but the word is used either colloquially or to indicate a folk-instrument
 
Fiddle -- A name for the violin, especially when used to perform folk music
 
Fiere -- A directive to a musician to perform a selected passage of a composition in a proud, haughty, or noble manner
 
Fife -- A small flute with a narrower bore, thus producing a higher, more piercing sound than a flute. Fifes are generally used in military bands, such as a fife and drum corps, they have six finger holes, and from one to six keys. Its range is from D in the treble clef to D two octaves above the treble clef
 
Fifth -- The interval between two notes. Three whole tones and one semitone make up the distance between the two notes
 
Figure -- A short musical phrase. Generally shorter than a theme but provides, through repetition, a unifying sound to the overall composition
 
Fill -- Short for drum fill or instrumental fill
 
Final Barline -- The last barline in a composition. This is a form of the double barline (or more commonly double bar) and has two bars with the second being thicker than the first. It indicates that this is the end of the composition or of a movement of a composition
 
Finale -- Movement or passage that concludes the musical composition
 
Fine -- The End. This is where to end a piece after a repeat or partial repeat
 
Fingerboard -- The part of the neck of a stringed instrument where the fingers of the left hand stop the strings
 
Fixed Do -- Do is the first scale degree in solmization (do, re, mi). A fixed do means the pitch is always "c" regardless of the tonal center of the composition. This is in contrast to a movable do , meaning do always represents the first scale degree of any scale
 
Flamenco -- A generic term for a genre of song, dance, and music of uncertain origin, mostly found in Andalusia. The Flamenco style is characterized by its use of modes, its unusual rhythm patterns, and its use of guitar accompaniment
 
Flat -- The word "flat", indicated by a sign derived from the letter b, shows that a note should be lowered by a semitone
 
Flautist -- A flautist is a player of the flute
 
Flue Pipe -- Flue pipe is the main class of organ pipework, whose pitch is produced by an air column striking the lip and causing the air to vibrate
 
Flute -- The word flute may indicate a variety of wind instruments without reeds
 
Folk Elements -- The incorporation of folk melodies or rhythms into orchestral or chamber music
 
Folk Instrument -- Folk instruments are those instruments made and used by the indigenous people throughout the world. Many of the instruments are simple percussion instruments, but others may include flute-type instruments, the bow, and various trumpet-type instruments as well as some quite complex instruments such as the bagpipe and the ban
 
Foot Pedal -- The accessory that depresses the bass drum or hi-hat cymbals
 
Form -- The structure of a piece of music
 
Formalism -- The tendency to elevate the formal aspects above the expressive value in music, as in Neo-classical music
 
Formes Fixes -- Fixed patterns or styles with which certain forms of music must comply. This term specifically applies to the music of France in the Renaissance, such as the ballade and the rondeau
 
Forte -- Forte (Italian: loud) is used in directions to performers. It appears in the superlative form fortissimo, very loud. The letter f is an abbreviation of forte, ff an abbreviation of fortissimo, with fff or more rarely ffff even louder
 
Fortepiano -- The word fortepiano, with the same meaning as pianoforte, the full name of the piano, with its hammer action and consequent ability to produce sounds both loud and soft, corresponding to the force applied to the keys, is generally used to indicate the earlier form of the piano, as it developed in the 18th century
 
Four Four Time -- Time signature indicating 4 beats to the measure where the quarter note receives the beat
 
Fourth -- The interval between two notes. Two whole tones and one semitone make up the distance between the two notes
 
Frame Drums -- Drums that consist of a head stretched over a narrow framed skeleton. Simple in design but capable of many types of sounds
 
Fugue -- Fugue has been described as a texture rather than a form. It is, in essence, a contrapuntal composition. The normal fugue opens with a subject or theme in one voice or part
 
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